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Linhao Ge, Buwei Cao, Rui Qiao, Hongguang Cui, Shaofang Li, Hongying Shan, Pan Gong, Mingzhen Zhang, Hao Li, Aiming Wang, Xueping Zhou*, Fangfang Li*. SUMOylation-modified Pelota-Hbs1 RNA surveillance complex restricts the infection of potyvirids in plants. Molecular Plant, 2023, https://doi.org/10.

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Linhao Ge, Buwei Cao, Rui Qiao, Hongguang Cui, Shaofang Li, Hongying Shan, Pan Gong, Mingzhen Zhang, Hao Li, Aiming Wang, Xueping Zhou*, Fangfang Li*. SUMOylation-modified Pelota-Hbs1 RNA surveillance complex restricts the infection of potyvirids in plants. Molecular Plant, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2022.12.024


Abstract

RNA quality control (RQC) nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) is involved in viral restriction in both plants and animals. However, it is not known whether two other RQC pathways, nonstop decay (NSD) and no-go decay (NGD), are capable of restricting viruses in plants. Here, we show that the evolutionarily conserved Pelota-Hbs1 complex negatively regulates infection of plant viruses in the family  Potyviridae (termed potyvirids), the largest group of plant RNA viruses that accounts for more than half of the viral crop damage worldwide. Pelota enables the recognition of the functional G1-2A6-7 motif in the P3 cistron, which is conserved in almost all potyvirids. This allows Pelota to target the virus and act as a viral restriction factor. Furthermore, Pelota interacts with the SUMO E2 conjugating enzyme SCE1 and is SUMOylated  in planta . Blocking Pelota SUMOylation disrupts the ability to recruit Hbs1 and inhibits viral RNA degradation. These findings reveal the functional importance of Pelota SUMOylation during the infection of potyvirids in plants.


Molecular Plant, IF="21.949

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674205222004786


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